Folk Art of Hungary

I've recently been spending time in Budapest and so took the opportunity to delve into the world of Hungarian Folk Art.  

First I visited the Hungarian Applied Folk Art Museum 

The activities of the Museum are in conjunction with the Hungarian Government. Including the qualification of folk art work as well as contests and organizing exhibitions.  The collection is unique in the sense that its items  are being produced continuously and therefore are a example of the standards of Hungarian Folk Art. The majority of the collection consists of textiles, embroideries, wood and bone carvings and products of folk pottery. There is a small amount of painted wood items and eggs such as the ones below.  The frame and box below is an example of the bright colours of Hungarian Folk Art. When visiting Budapest you see many tourist shops selling this type of bright coloured folk painting - not always done to the standard this museum would expect!  The museum is small and so takes no longer than 30-45 minutes to have a good browse.

 
As I pondered on the embroidered folk art patterns I noticed these work books laying to the side – dated 1915.  I urge all new painters to start a journal and keep little snippets of their practice designs, colour swatches and photo’s of finished projects.  And so browsing through these old work books, I couldn’t help but wonder, if the person recording their work would have even contemplated that 100 years later, their little work book would be on display in a museum.
 
Next I went to the the Museum of Ethnography which is housed in the grandiose Neo-Renaissance Palace which was built between 1893 and 1896 for the Supreme Court.  It is worth a visit just for the amazing entrance which really is breathtaking!
  

 

The permanent exhibition at the museum features 'The Traditional Culture of the Hungarian People'   A very large proportion of the exhibition features clothing and tools which was quite repetitive.  I was very happy when I came to the original painted folk art pieces among the collection!

The photo's below are from the little church scene in the museum.  My pictures don't do the paintings justice as the detail on the ceiling paintings and pew panels are primitive, but beautiful.  One thing that struck me is that there are very few 'bright and bold' paintings in the whole collection.  Although the painters would have had a limited palette of red, blue and yellow they have mixed them into beautiful dark earthy colours.  I love these colours and so they have much more appeal to me than the bright, bold colours.

The church was an important part of everyones life.  Marriage being the greatest festive occasion of peasant life.  The festival, which was celebrated concurrently at several places lasted for a couple of days with the participation of the majority of the community.  Finally it culminated in the church ceremony.  The 17th and 18th century painted floral patterns on the ceilings and furniture of the churches of Kalotaszeg (by Janos Gyalui Asztalos and Lorinc Umling) directly influenced the development of the decorative arts of the region.  

 

In Kalotaszeg (now in Romania) the wedding was the occasion to display the decorative household utensils and the bride’s trousseau in all its splendour to the community. During the church wedding the bride's family displayed all the gifts earlier exhibited inside the house. These would be carried later to the groom's home by decorated oxcarts.  The bride's trousseau formed the basis of the new household.  The pieces of 'house-wear' were meant to furnish and decorate the best room that also served as the festive place for storing the family's valuables.  The trousseau included ladies' and men's wear for the whole of one's life, including the dresses needed at death or funeral, as well as clothes for work and festive occasions.  If you look closely at the trunk on the bottom right you can see the lid is painted with the couple’s names and the date of the wedding.  Although folk art peices were created to provide the necessities of life, and therefore a predominantly functional art form, I've always loved the fact that the peasants took the opportunity to record important events in their family’s history.  Can't you just imagine the pleasure the whole family got from making something beautiful from scratch?  Although the poorest in the community, lots of creative time would have been spent planning and painting the gifts for the happy couple and displaying them with pride for the whole community to see.  A world away from the 'on-line wedding present lists' of today!

There was many more exhibits  - here are some of my favourite peices from the 
Museum of Ethnography (watch out for the dolls furniture)
As always, happy painting
Carol
PS: if you want to see more Hungarian Folk Art Painting - then Google Janos Gyalui Asztalos and Lorinc Umling

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Comments

SMPlZwEKqzG August 31 2020

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Timmy March 11 2015

Comment’s author: ptemehira03/29/07 05:15:00 PM首先如果想要認真討論這個問題的話
請先定義 現代人類面對的環境
誠然有不少現代人還生活在非洲大草原
但是顯然他們並沒有面對到
肥胖心臟病高血壓糖尿病痛風等等的問題
對於他們而言 努力堆積脂肪蛋白質等等慾望本能
既沒有失效 同時也是確實發揮演化上預期的作用

對於我們這些生活在都市叢林的人而言
這些慾望依然存在 也沒有改變
哪裡有 失效 只不過環境變了 導致過猶不及的反效果

我承認我一個人活在肯亞草原肯定完蛋
但是幾百萬年來 也從來沒有哪種人/類人猿
是 單獨 活在野外的
依賴群體與文化教育 本來就是人類的演化之道
如果把我丟在部落裡 我想我應該學得會生活

但是反過來說 難道現代人沒有受到演化的驅力嗎
我想未必 其實水泥叢林裡也不好混呀
而水泥叢林的生存條件確實與以往不同
所以我們才能活下來佔據不錯的位置
可是偏偏我們這種卻不是性擇中佔優勢的
所以才會出現這麼多高學歷高收入
但是在生物最重要的生殖卻吃鱉的宅男這種矛盾的產物

如果我google一下 就會有美女送到我面前
我可能比較高興點 .



Odila March 8 2015

Comment’s author: gnneeg03/30/07 06:16:00 PM是的 人類是要合作才能幹大事的 只不過在這個時代 很多人單打獨鬥
都可以幹出大事業 像許多哲學家 藝術家 音樂家 作家就是 當然快
不快樂又是另一個問題

在工業化時代來臨前 一個人要嘛自個來或者和別人合作完成一個工作
可是福特在量產汽車後 人開始變成工廠公司裡的小螺絲 只要日復一日
枯橾地完成一部分產品的一部分就好 於是工作只是為了生計 不再是取
得滿足感 所以人類開始要玩一些兒童不宜的玩具才能滿足了

關於美女這個想法 正是人類無法脫離本能 可是本能失效的最佳示範
因為只有人類中的宅男 才會把時間浪費在上網看美女寫真 或者捉一些
愛情動作片來安慰自己 卻不把時間花在上PUB釣美媚來增加自己的生育
優勢( . )

不過啊 最近一堆人竟然誤認我是阿宅 所以我也要問一下 請問有阿宅
是幾乎完全不看卡通不看漫畫不看日劇不打電動的嗎 請問有阿宅可以當
選同學會會長的嗎 而且還不只一次哦 請問有阿宅會熱愛大自然 每個
月帶美媚去健行的嗎 請問有阿宅有本事一個人在不熟悉的歐洲北美洲亞
洲大城市裡來去自由穿棱的嗎

不過對很多美媚來說 我只是個比宅男更無趣的好人


—-

大英有外借過展品嗎 外借有風險吧

故宮不是有個白菜什麼的 在外借到南部時時掉了個什麼的

Arraya March 6 2015

Comment’s author: pmrhetiea03/29/07 05:15:00 PM首先如果想要認真討論這個問題的話
請先定義 現代人類面對的環境
誠然有不少現代人還生活在非洲大草原
但是顯然他們並沒有面對到
肥胖心臟病高血壓糖尿病痛風等等的問題
對於他們而言 努力堆積脂肪蛋白質等等慾望本能
既沒有失效 同時也是確實發揮演化上預期的作用

對於我們這些生活在都市叢林的人而言
這些慾望依然存在 也沒有改變
哪裡有 失效 只不過環境變了 導致過猶不及的反效果

我承認我一個人活在肯亞草原肯定完蛋
但是幾百萬年來 也從來沒有哪種人/類人猿
是 單獨 活在野外的
依賴群體與文化教育 本來就是人類的演化之道
如果把我丟在部落裡 我想我應該學得會生活

但是反過來說 難道現代人沒有受到演化的驅力嗎
我想未必 其實水泥叢林裡也不好混呀
而水泥叢林的生存條件確實與以往不同
所以我們才能活下來佔據不錯的位置
可是偏偏我們這種卻不是性擇中佔優勢的
所以才會出現這麼多高學歷高收入
但是在生物最重要的生殖卻吃鱉的宅男這種矛盾的產物

如果我google一下 就會有美女送到我面前
我可能比較高興點 .



Sophie February 8 2015

love the dolls furniture! inspired me to try some small furniture peices. Sophie

Beth Downs February 8 2015

thanks so much, really informative – love this traditional Folk Art!